Time Management

In order to use time effectively, it is best to have a strategy or plan for how your time will be used. Prioritising and scheduling activities whether for academics or personal will enable the most control of how your time will be utilised. This can also help with focus, planning and organising with a greater likelihood of minimising procrastination.

Some suggestions for effective time management:

1. Prepare a term calendar (schedule)
2. Prepare a weekly schedule
3. Prepare a daily schedule

Other Time Management Skills:

● Prioritise assignments
● Find a dedicated study space
● Create blocks of study time
● Schedule activities for after school work
● Use helpful resources
● Join a study group
● Get exercise, eat right and get plenty of sleep
● Be flexible

6 habits of highly organised people:

11 Ways to Study Smart and Study Effectively:

Procrastination

Gargari et al., (2011) define procrastination as a way of avoiding or postponing any undesirable tasks which the procrastinator may find ‘too boring’. The most common type is academic procrastination where a student puts off starting and completing an important academic task or assignment. This is often related to lower levels of academic success and linked to problems with self-regulation. It is also associated with elevated levels of stress and anxiety.

Research findings point to the fact that students who attribute their success and consequences to their internal control source (their attempt/organisation and abilities) have lower levels of procrastination than those who attribute their failures to external control source (fate or luck). They may also be related to a personality type e.g. perfectionist, or be situation-specific such as fear of failure or test anxiety

Some suggestions to help fight the procrastination bug:

● blocking out chunks of study time
● giving yourself small rewards on task completion
● Prioritising and making a study plan, and
● regulating your emotions through mindfulness and meditation.

Organisation

Organisation skills are not something that we are born with nor one that comes naturally for most. This is something that needs to be learned and developed. In order to be well organised, one has to learn to manage time. Some students may find being well organised difficult due to problems with focus/attention, processing information or lack of visual spatial memory.

Some strategies for improving organisation:
● Students can use an organiser/scheduler/planner (and keep updated)
● Make a ‘To Do’ list every night
● Reward yourself for working hard
● Schedule and organise specific times for high priority tasks
● Get enough rest


The psychology of procrastinating & how to stop procrastinating:

Procrastination – 7 Steps to Cure: